Thebluegill(Lepomismacrochirus) is aspeciesoffreshwaterfishsometimes referred to as "bream", "brim", "sunny", or "copper nose". It is a member of the sunfishfamilyCentrarchidaeof theorderPerciformes. It is native to North America and lives in streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds. It is commonly found east of the Rockies. It usually hides around, and inside, old tree stumps and other underwater structures. It can live in either deep or very shallow water, and will often move from one to the other depending on the time of day or season. Bluegills also like to find shelter amongaquatic plantsand in the shade of trees along banks.
Bluegills can grow up to 12 inches (30 cm) long and about41⁄2pounds (2.0 kg). While their color can vary from population to population, they typically have a very distinctive coloring, with deep blue and purple on the face and gill cover, dark olive-colored bands down the side, and a fiery orange to yellow belly. The fish are omnivores and will eat anything they can fit in their mouth. They mostly feed on small aquatic insects and fish.